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Child marriage is the main cause of girls dropout of schools in Kurdistan. In spite of the propaganda in the media to promote child marriage, in most cases child marriage in Kurdistan failed because the bride is very young. In view of the bride family, the cause of child marriage is to protects the girl from the community chaos, and how difficult to control the girls in current times where Kurdistan is now open for all cultures and undergo to uncertain societal transformations, as parents stated.


All social and psychological studies considers that when the family  pushing the girl toward uncertain future with no consideration of differences in age, economic and culture this means that the marriage, in most cases, will soon or later not succeed.


The religious teachings are the main motivator to child marriage. Even though, child marriage was not common during the previous regime, because of the restrict rules against child marriage and due to the economic stability before the international economic blockade in Iraq. But according to the Holy Quran and its interpretations, any form of marriage should base on legal contract which aimed to make a strong family if the couple have an enough experience in life. Marriage in Islam is to build a family and achieve security and stillness for the human so the couple supposed to be qualified to achieve this goal, while this goal is not achieved in child marriage, according to Dr. Majid Hussein, Islamic Scholar.


The educational psychologist, Mr. Yosof Othman indicated that the key causes for child marriage in Kurdistan are:

a)      Families distrusts their girls, because of the new technology that make the communications easier than before.

b)      Families distrusts the community around, and they afraid from the spinsterhood. At the same time, families try to be away from the relative’s marriage.

c)      The accelerated spread of child marriage among schoolgirls is due to the talk of the married girl to her peers about the joy and interesting times she has with her husband. These conversations encourage unmarried girls to think seriously to be married.


According to Mr. Othman, all the social and psychological studies considers the child marriage as a failed marriage because the main reason for it is the need for joy and sexual, so the child marriage lake of the most important base of marriage which is the ability to make strong family because of:

a)      The couple knowledge and experiences do not enough to make strong family.

b)      Inability of the couple to raise up the child which born from this marriage.

c)      From the medical side, the sexual organs of the child have not yet been completed, so she is exposing of many diseases.


Dr Basheer khalil, a prominent activist in Kurdistan and the Chairman of the Committee of Religious Endowments in the Parliament, declared that marriage contract is included in the Civil Affairs Law in Iraq after it has been modified, which allows child marriage in the age of 16 years with an approval from a pedant. Dr Basheer khalil sees that the child marriage in Islamic societies is widespread, because sexual relations in western societies open without religious and tradition restrictions, that is why parents moving toward child marriage in Islamic societies, such as Kurdistan.


Dr Basher haddad encourages the journalists for a proper dissemination of information and news about child marriage, especially for the teenagers because it’s the most dangerous age. The most important roles that the media can play in this field is to decrease the means of excitement among youth, even with words or pictures, so we can maintain the purity and prevent the diseases that threaten our societies.


It highly recommended conducting a qualitative study on child marriages in the governorates of Kurdistan as part of support to the Ministry of Education and other concerned ministries in Kurdistan in its campaign against child marriage.


By: Dina Zeidan (Ms.)

Education and Rehabilitation Specialist

SRD Center, Amman - Jordan

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Last modified on Monday, 16 January 2017 20:26

19–21 November 2013, Beirut, Lebanon

In response to the call of the Third Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) Congress to collect and disseminate evidence-based policies and practices, the UNESCO-UNEVOC International Centre for TVET, Bonn, and UNESCO Regional Bureau, Beirut, in cooperation with the Ministry of Education and Higher Education, Lebanon (General Directorate for Vocational and Technical Education, GDVTE, and Center for Educational Research and Development, CERD), organized a three-day Regional Expert Meeting (Beirut, 19–21 November 2013) as a platform for networking and dialogue involving regional UNEVOC centres, TVET institutions, and other relevant stakeholders.

The goal of the Expert Meeting was to facilitate panels of experts for discussion and exchange of experiences by mapping contemporary issues and showcasing skills development strategies, evidence-based approaches, and innovative practices in the areas of youth, employment, and skills for business entrepreneurship; entrepreneurship education (EPE) and the use of information and communication technology (ICT); and regional/international cooperation and coordination on TVET merging issues and priorities (in other words, greening TVET).

The Final Report has been compiled by SRD Jordan (Dr Qasem Newashi), Dr Sulieman Sulieman, and Ms Lisa Freiburg.

Download Final Report

Last modified on Monday, 16 January 2017 20:27




Last modified on Thursday, 03 October 2013 01:47


Land and Loan for Women

Yesterday a woman of my relatives passed away. In the evening, I visited their family who lives in north Jordan, but I did not find her brothers at the house. When I asked where they are, I discovered that they did not talk to her since years ago because she claimed her rights in the heritage.

Women’s inability to access their rights to land and inheritance in Arab countries is one area that puts women at heightened risk, perpetuates and deepens their poverty and often leads to a downward spiral of lost economic opportunities, reduced security, higher dependence on male relatives and an increase in the number of orphans. Many women in Arab countries are still experience a general pattern of discrimination in accessing and securing these rights because of norms and traditions that reinforce gender inequalities. On the contrary, it is easily to observe that women who own property or a business have higher incomes, a secure place to live, and greater bargaining power within their household, which lower rates of domestic violence. Owning land can help women improve economic security.

I believe we should not only advocate for women’s’ land right, but also for getting a housing grant or loan to build a house on that land. Well design and implementation of this proposal may lead to increase the construction activities in the area and improve the living conditions of women and their families.

Qasem Newashi

Last modified on Monday, 20 May 2019 07:47


Qawasmi Sues Ernst & Young over Major Fraud in Jordan


 3 September 2013  11:40:06 

AmwalInvest.com- A lawsuit from a Jordanian attorney accusing the accounting firm Ernst & Young in helping the x-BOD to hide financial problems at Amwal Invest. Amwal Invest is asking for 77.5M JD for its shareholders in damages and attorney's fees from EY.


Ernst & Young accused as the firm who facilitated a "major fraud in Jordan" by helping the x-BOD of Amwal Invest deceive the shareholders about its financial conditions. The lawsuit filed by Amwal Invest Attorney Ghandi Qawasmi in a Jordan court against Ernst & Young headquarter and subsidiaries in New York, British, Switzerland, Middle East, South Africa, and Jordan.


Qawasmi said on Tuesday that the lawsuit is one of the first major legal action stemming from Anti-corruption trends in Jordan. Prosecutors cite several violations by EY of Jordan Company Act and violation of more than 8 International Audit Standards. The lawsuit alleges that Ernst & Young conspired with the x-BOD of Amwal Invest in a scheme to shuffle tens of Millions of Dinars from its balance sheets in order to boost the appearance of Amwal Invest’s liquidity, does fall under the Jordanian jurisdiction and the alleged misconduct of EY and covered by the Jordanian legislation.


Amwal Invest is a public company with capital of 45M JD and the number of shareholders is more than 7800. In 2011, a small group of activists and shareholders investigated informally the performance of the Company and discovered that too much corruption cases in the company profile. In the General Assembly Meeting held in May 2011, the financial statement has been disapproved due to the misconduct of the x-BOD and EY. A list of legal violations carried out by the Company's Board of Directors has not been declared by EY. The main corruption case in Amwal Invest story was the so-called Sara Transaction, where the company bought Real Estates valued at 37M JD from its Chairman, Mr. Fayez Faouri, the Chairman, which has been marked as a conflict of interest. After a lot of investigations in Jordan Anti-Corruption Commission (JACC) and consultancy reports, all members of x-BOD have been taken to the court and jailed.


Last modified on Tuesday, 03 September 2013 22:40


Last modified on Thursday, 16 May 2019 11:07


EMCO Germany awarded SRD a Contract for Translation of Vocational Education Manuals


EMCO Germany awarded SRD a Contract for translation and adapting the content of Vocational Education Manuals to be fit to the Arabic environment.


Vocational Education Manuals are listed below:

  1.  Automotive Collision Repair and Refinishing
  2. Automotive Technology
  3. Carpentry
  4. Culinary Arts
  5. Diesel Technology
  6. Drafting
  7. Heating-Air Conditioning-Ventilation-Refrigeration
  8. Machine Tool Technology
  9. Metal Fabrication & Joining Technologies
  10. Power Equipment Technology
Last modified on Saturday, 22 June 2013 22:39

SRD Signed Agreement with Iraqi Ministry of Education to Design and Develop Science Laboratory Experiment Manuals


Last modified on Monday, 16 January 2017 20:49

SRD wins UNFPA award for the evaluation of Youth Peer Education Project

Last modified on Monday, 16 January 2017 20:50

 Sustainable Research and Development Center, SRD | Amman 11941, Jordan, P.O. Box: 2564 | F: +962 6 5000362 | M (Jordan): +962 79 7600 116  or +962 77 92222 09 | M (Iraq): +964 77 1610 8763 | Skype: srdedu |Email: srd@srd.edu.jo