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Jordan has become one of the world’s largest hosting countries compared to its population, with 65 Syrian refugees per 1,000 inhabitants.1 In an environment of limited livelihood opportunities, preexisting vulnerabilities, and the challenging economic environment in Jordan, refugees are facing increased vulnerability as their assets are long exhausted.

Moreover, with the COVID-19 crisis the situation became even more tragic as the unemployment rate among Jordanians jumped to 23.9%.2 Within this context, international organizations and the public sector have been increasing their focus on livelihood and employment opportunities for refugees and Jordanians in host communities. In the same focus, the International Catholic Migration Commission (ICMC) in Jordan has continued to deliver humanitarian and development assistance to refugees and vulnerable Jordanians in Jordan with funding from the U.S. State Department’s Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (BPRM) and provide the most impactful assistance for individuals to successfully access sustainable, decent, income generating opportunities that will benefit themselves, their families, and communities.

Evidence from many countries suggests the importance of vocational training for self-employment and home-based businesses (HBBs) and the creation of job opportunities. In Jordan, less is known about refugees’ interests, skills, livelihood activities, and businesses. To fill this information gap, ICMC commissioned this labour market assessment (LMA)3 at the selected geographical areas in Jordan (Irbid, Mafraq, Jerash, Ajloun, and Zarqa) to provide vital information for the planning, programming, and improvement to its livelihoods program.

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Within the framework of the project ‘Bolstering Reconstruction in Iraq through Development, Growth and Employment (BRIDGE)’, World University Service of Canada (WUSC) and Canadian Leaders in International Consulting (CLIC) have commissioned the consultant (Qasem Alnewashi) to develop and deliver a training and mentoring program to build the capacity of VTCs and project stakeholders to conduct rapid gender-sensitive labor market assessments in their areas. This comes as part of enhancing the institutional processes among the TVET stakeholders to ensure that their training programs are relevant to labor market needs and respond to changes in the job market. A training workshop to strengthening the knowledge, skills, and attitudes of 21 participants form MoLSA and Vocational and Technical Centers in Iraq. The training workshop conducted during the period from 22 November to 2 December 2020 at Canyon Hotel in Erbil, Amman.

As a general conclusion, it is clear that LMA Training can be challenging, particularly for most of the participants who never contributed in LMA activity. While during the workshop and when the participants have discovered that LMA can bring a lot of benefits to their work and help them carry out their responsibilities, as the approaches and mechanism of implementing LMA in the field is flexible, customizable, and can be much easy when they know-how to use information and communication technologies in LMA activities.


Key Training Sessions

During the ten-day workshop, the trainer delivered a series of training sessions in order to improve the participants skills on how to make the most of LMA training. The main topics that have been delivered: 

  • Why Conduct a Labor Market Assessment? 
  • Advantages and Challenges of Participatory Assessment 
  • Developing a Methodology and Scope 
  • Methodology and Scope Template
  • Selecting the Right Tools
  • Tool Design and Testing
  • Drafting data collection tools:
  1. Consumer Needs Analysis Protocol for Heads of Households
  2. Employers Semi-Structured Interview Protocol (Small Businesses)
  3. Employers Semi-Structured Interview Protocol (Medium and Large Companies)
  4. Women in Work Interview (employed now or previously)
  5. KIIs Semi-Structured Interview Protocol
  6. Structured Questionnaire for Individual Interviews
  • Mapping Form for Vocational Education and Training Providers
  • How to use online platforms to collect data, such as Kobo Toolbox
  • Sampling and sample size
  • Pre‐Assessment Planning
  • Conducting a Daily Debrief
  • Private Sector Daily Mapping
  • How to talk and interact with the Private Sector (interview skills and protocol)
  • Tips for Conducting a Focus Group Discussion
  • Tips for Conducting an Employer Survey
  • Data analysis framework
  • LMA reporting
  • Drafting Work Plans for each governorate
  • Review and finalize the LMA Guidebook

 By: Qasem Newashi

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Ideation training workshop through design sprints

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Study on Identifying Cash for Work Opportunities for Women in Za’atari Refugee Camp

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World Vision Jordan


Livelihood Planning and Guidance for Youth Project in Amman, Mafraq, Irbid, and Zarqa Governorates in Jordan

 Baseline Study Report


Data Collection: 1 December 2019 - 15 January 2020

Date of Report: 29 February 2020




Amman – Jordan

Lead Researcher: Qasem Alnewashi


Last modified on Friday, 01 January 2021 14:54

Arab Civil Society at the Crossroad: Assessing Engagement in Anti-Corruption Efforts (UNDP)

Bosnia Herzegovina Evaluation Report (UNFPA)

Y-PEER Consolidated Evaluation Report (UNFPA)


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Child marriage is the main cause of girls dropout of schools in Kurdistan. In spite of the propaganda in the media to promote child marriage, in most cases child marriage in Kurdistan failed because the bride is very young. In view of the bride family, the cause of child marriage is to protects the girl from the community chaos, and how difficult to control the girls in current times where Kurdistan is now open for all cultures and undergo to uncertain societal transformations, as parents stated.


All social and psychological studies considers that when the family  pushing the girl toward uncertain future with no consideration of differences in age, economic and culture this means that the marriage, in most cases, will soon or later not succeed.


The religious teachings are the main motivator to child marriage. Even though, child marriage was not common during the previous regime, because of the restrict rules against child marriage and due to the economic stability before the international economic blockade in Iraq. But according to the Holy Quran and its interpretations, any form of marriage should base on legal contract which aimed to make a strong family if the couple have an enough experience in life. Marriage in Islam is to build a family and achieve security and stillness for the human so the couple supposed to be qualified to achieve this goal, while this goal is not achieved in child marriage, according to Dr. Majid Hussein, Islamic Scholar.


The educational psychologist, Mr. Yosof Othman indicated that the key causes for child marriage in Kurdistan are:

a)      Families distrusts their girls, because of the new technology that make the communications easier than before.

b)      Families distrusts the community around, and they afraid from the spinsterhood. At the same time, families try to be away from the relative’s marriage.

c)      The accelerated spread of child marriage among schoolgirls is due to the talk of the married girl to her peers about the joy and interesting times she has with her husband. These conversations encourage unmarried girls to think seriously to be married.


According to Mr. Othman, all the social and psychological studies considers the child marriage as a failed marriage because the main reason for it is the need for joy and sexual, so the child marriage lake of the most important base of marriage which is the ability to make strong family because of:

a)      The couple knowledge and experiences do not enough to make strong family.

b)      Inability of the couple to raise up the child which born from this marriage.

c)      From the medical side, the sexual organs of the child have not yet been completed, so she is exposing of many diseases.


Dr Basheer khalil, a prominent activist in Kurdistan and the Chairman of the Committee of Religious Endowments in the Parliament, declared that marriage contract is included in the Civil Affairs Law in Iraq after it has been modified, which allows child marriage in the age of 16 years with an approval from a pedant. Dr Basheer khalil sees that the child marriage in Islamic societies is widespread, because sexual relations in western societies open without religious and tradition restrictions, that is why parents moving toward child marriage in Islamic societies, such as Kurdistan.


Dr Basher haddad encourages the journalists for a proper dissemination of information and news about child marriage, especially for the teenagers because it’s the most dangerous age. The most important roles that the media can play in this field is to decrease the means of excitement among youth, even with words or pictures, so we can maintain the purity and prevent the diseases that threaten our societies.


It highly recommended conducting a qualitative study on child marriages in the governorates of Kurdistan as part of support to the Ministry of Education and other concerned ministries in Kurdistan in its campaign against child marriage.


By: Dina Zeidan (Ms.)

Education and Rehabilitation Specialist

SRD Center, Amman - Jordan

email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Last modified on Monday, 16 January 2017 22:26

19–21 November 2013, Beirut, Lebanon

In response to the call of the Third Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) Congress to collect and disseminate evidence-based policies and practices, the UNESCO-UNEVOC International Centre for TVET, Bonn, and UNESCO Regional Bureau, Beirut, in cooperation with the Ministry of Education and Higher Education, Lebanon (General Directorate for Vocational and Technical Education, GDVTE, and Center for Educational Research and Development, CERD), organized a three-day Regional Expert Meeting (Beirut, 19–21 November 2013) as a platform for networking and dialogue involving regional UNEVOC centres, TVET institutions, and other relevant stakeholders.

The goal of the Expert Meeting was to facilitate panels of experts for discussion and exchange of experiences by mapping contemporary issues and showcasing skills development strategies, evidence-based approaches, and innovative practices in the areas of youth, employment, and skills for business entrepreneurship; entrepreneurship education (EPE) and the use of information and communication technology (ICT); and regional/international cooperation and coordination on TVET merging issues and priorities (in other words, greening TVET).

The Final Report has been compiled by SRD Jordan (Dr Qasem Newashi), Dr Sulieman Sulieman, and Ms Lisa Freiburg.

Download Final Report

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 Sustainable Research and Development Center, SRD | Amman 11941, Jordan, P.O. Box: 2564 | T: +962 6 515 8569| M (Jordan): +962 782768400 or +962 799260108 | M (Iraq): +964 77 1610 8763 | Skype: srdedu |Email: